CHARTERS – THERE’S JUST NO GETTING AWAY FROM THEM

AND ONE WHO IS JUST OF HIS OWN FREE WILL SHALL NOT LACK OF HAPPINESS; AND HE WILL NEVER COME TO UTTER RUIN
– Aeschylus

Liberty is the condition of duty, the guardian of conscience. It grows as conscience grows. The domains of both grow together. Liberty is safety from all hindrances, even sin. So that Liberty ends by being Free Will.
John Acton

The intuition of free will gives us the truth.
Corliss Lamont

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USEFUL TERMS –

Online Etymology Dictionary

Legal definition of Act
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/act

Act
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=act

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An Act can also be considered to bring about a charter or its continuation. An example of this –

The British East India Company
http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/india/eic.html

East India Company
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_India_Company

Charter Act of 1793
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter_Act_of_1793

Charter Act of 1813
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter_Act_of_1813

The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters, and Other Organic … (1909)
https://ia600309.us.archive.org/4/items/federalandstate03statgoog/federalandstate03statgoog.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/federalandstate03statgoog

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Ordinance
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ordinance

bill
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bill

bull
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bull&allowed_in_frame=0

article
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=article

memorandum
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=memorandum&searchmode=none

 

 

INTRODUCTION

In the interests of obtaining a better understanding in the affairs of man, a different approach, considered a more accurate approach, has been taken when looking at countries and governments. A continuation of this approach follows –

The United States Congress is a plenipotentiary-granting society for the members of its chartered instrumentalities (United States) –

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Definition of grant
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Grant

Etymology of grant
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=grant

Definition of plenipotentiary
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/plenipotentiaries

Etymology of plenipotentiary
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=plenipotentiary

Definition of instrumentality
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/instrumentality

Etymology of instrumentality
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=instrumentality&searchmode=none

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Any gathering or assembly of men and women, whether calling themselves a congress, a parliament, an assembly, and so on, all nevertheless, meet together as a group or association to further ‘their common interests’ in forming a society. ‘Their common interests’, is a phrasal term that relates to the members of the society only, who as ‘free-willed’ people, are free to choose to join the society as members, if it is open for them to join.

Those who do not wish to be a part of those ‘common interests’, are quite ‘free’ to reject them.

It is glaringly obvious, that this ‘society’ of men and women conform to the principles through which a corporation is created by charter. A Society of ‘anything’ is then – another synonym for a chartered corporation in line with the explanation given in –

Political Charters Create Corporate Countries As Fictions
https://thereisnodebt.wordpress.com/2013/04/28/the-law/

The United States Congress as a society, can be said to have then gone on to create the United States as a chartered corporation, not forgetting that the members of that congress, being members of the United States Congress, were in fact congress members of colonial congresses.

Regardless of the private corporate congresses to which the members belonged, countries as fictions are created by political charters.

Finally, it must be noted that these organisations are to be considered as private, because not everyone necessarily would want to join them as members. And in that regard, their affairs would be their private business and therefore, would clearly not extend to non-members.

The excellent work by Veronica Chapman, given on page 41 of ‘Freedom Is More Than Just A 7-Letter Word’, Chapter 8: Societies & Statutes, illustrates the signifance of understanding the nature of societies. The work as a whole is a most insightful and worthwhile read.

 

Affairs Of A Notable Society (The United States Congress) –
United States Congressional Serial Set
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Congressional_Serial_Set

Search Terms for http://www.archive.org

*state corporation

*charter of the city of

*the charters of

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*Category:Political charters
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Political_charters

Constitution (see above – *Category:Political charters)

*Charters as municipal constitutions (1973)
https://ia600507.us.archive.org/7/items/chartersasmunici477whit/chartersasmunici477whit.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/chartersasmunici477whit

Coordinated Legal Technologies –
Secretaries of State
http://www.coordinatedlegal.com/SecretaryOfState.html

List of national constitutions
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_national_constitutions

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He who creates, grants, establishes;
Remains the owner, together with his assigns, of that which is created, granted, established

Legal definition of assigns
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Assigns

The Treaty of Rome – 25 March 1957

Bottom of page two reads –

‘HAVE DECIDED to create a European Economic Community and to this end have
designated as their Plenipotentiaries:’

http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/emu_history/documents/treaties/rometreaty2.pdf

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Charter
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charter

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NOTE. United Nations as a private chartered fictional corporate body is clearly open for other private chartered fictional corporate bodies to become members –

 

WORLD CHARTER SIGNED (1945)
https://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.39068

CHARTERS OF THE UNITED NATIONS – PREAMBLE
http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/preamble.shtml
Sourced:
http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/

 

Note. The preamble is significant, in that it shows that members are to be considered those whom have agreed to be members and, of course, membership cannot fall on those who have not. This aligns to the similar wording to be found in the preamble to ‘The United States Constitution’ –

Preamble to The United States Constitution –

‘We the people of the United States, …’

http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?ammem/rbpebib:@field(NUMBER+@band(rbpe+1670010a))

 

CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
https://treaties.un.org/doc/publication/ctc/uncharter.pdf

Member States of the United Nations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Member_states_of_the_United_Nations
Source:
http://www.un.org/en/members/

National Constitutions Are Formed Through Political Charters Creating Constitutional States –
List of national constitutions
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_national_constitutions

Note. The question is, who owns government ? –
Government-owned corporation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government-owned_corporation

European Charter of Local Self-Government
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Charter_of_Local_Self-Government

 

 

OTHER RESOURCES –

Dating medieval English charters (January 11, 2013)
https://ia601900.us.archive.org/4/items/arxiv-1301.2405/1301.2405.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/arxiv-1301.2405

British borough charters, 1216-1307 (1923)
https://ia700303.us.archive.org/4/items/britishboroughc00balluoft/britishboroughc00balluoft.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/britishboroughc00balluoft

British borough charters, 1042-1216 (1913)
https://ia700407.us.archive.org/33/items/britishboroughch00ball/britishboroughch00ball.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/britishboroughch00ball

 

The federal and state constitutions, colonial charters, and other organic laws of the state, territories, and colonies now or heretofore forming the United States of America (1909)
https://ia600200.us.archive.org/18/items/federalstatecons07thor/federalstatecons07thor.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/federalstatecons07thor

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Note. It must be remembered that when charters talk of freedom, within those very same charters, they may state the obvious. However, as private instruments of those who created them, joining or contracting to them, effectively restricts the freedoms of anyone doing so. Whether this is seen as admirable, is for the individual to decide –

Page 2 of ‘Charters of our freedom’, Chapter 1 The Nature of Freedom, we read from a fragment of the Magna Carta (Charter),

“Know ye that we by this our present Charter No freeman shall be seized…”

What is worth thinking about, is that a freeman is a freeman because he has no restrictions placed on his freewill in conformity with Natural Law, in so far as he does not cause injury to others and their property, and that he avoids reckless behaviour at the risk of causing injury or disruption to the well-being of others.

Once a freeman becomes party to a charter, his freedoms in conformity to freewill bestowed by Natural Law are restricted. It is for those who are party to a charter, to ensure that the restrictions placed on them by a charter do not extend to ‘freemen’.

Charters of our freedom ([n.d.])
https://ia600301.us.archive.org/5/items/chartersofourfre00trotuoft/chartersofourfre00trotuoft.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/chartersofourfre00trotuoft

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The hiding of the charter (1900)
https://ia600300.us.archive.org/31/items/hidingofcharter00hoadl/hidingofcharter00hoadl.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/hidingofcharter00hoadl

Municipal charters; a discussion of the essentials of a city charter, with forms or models for adoption (1914)
https://ia600307.us.archive.org/16/items/municipalcharter00mattuoft/municipalcharter00mattuoft.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/municipalcharter00mattuoft

A Model City Charter and Municipal Home Rule (1916)
https://ia600303.us.archive.org/28/items/amodelcitychart00firgoog/amodelcitychart00firgoog.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/amodelcitychart00firgoog

A model city charter and municipal home rule as prepared by the Committee on municipal program of the National municipal league (1916)
https://ia600303.us.archive.org/31/items/amodelcitychart01unkngoog/amodelcitychart01unkngoog.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/amodelcitychart01unkngoog

*Model city charter (1964)
https://ia700307.us.archive.org/1/items/amodelcitychart00unkngoog/amodelcitychart00unkngoog.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/amodelcitychart00unkngoog

The Limitations of the Power of a State under a Reserved Right to Amend or Repeal Charters of Incorporation. (Continued from Page 47) (February 1, 1905)
https://ia801702.us.archive.org/9/items/jstor-3307056/3307056.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/jstor-3307056

Power of Municipalities to Amend Their Own Charters (May 1, 1914)
https://ia601702.us.archive.org/16/items/jstor-784992/784992.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/jstor-784992

The Bank charter act (1857])
https://ia600306.us.archive.org/0/items/bankcharteract00centuoft/bankcharteract00centuoft.pdf
Sourced:
https://archive.org/details/bankcharteract00centuoft

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When Was The United States Founded?

The Dongan charter and present charter, together with laws of the state of New York applicable to the city of Albany, and the city laws and ordinances of the city of Albany .. (1896)
https://archive.org/details/dongancharterpre00alba

The Dongan Charter of the City of New York, 1686 (1686)
https://archive.org/details/dongancharterofc00newyrich

Charters of Freedom
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charters_of_Freedom

The Charters of Freedom – Constitution
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html

When Was The United States Founded?
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_was_the_United_States_of_America_founded?#slide=2

The charter of the city of New York. Published pursuant to an order of Common Council, passed June 14th, 1819 (1819)
https://archive.org/details/charterofcityofny00newy

The Greater New York charter : submitted to the Legislature of the state of New York, on February 20, 1897, by the Commission appointed pursuant to chapter 488 of the laws of 1896 (1897])
https://archive.org/details/greaternewyorkch00newyrich

Multilateral – CHARTER OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (A-41)
http://www.oas.org/dil/treaties_A-41_Charter_of_the_Organization_of_American_States.htm

Additional

PRINCE GEORGE’S COUNTY, MARYLAND
http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/36loc/pg/html/pg.html

Congressional or Federal Charters: Overview and Enduring Issues
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS22230.pdf

CHARTER OF PARIS FOR A NEW EUROPE – PARIS 1990
http://www.osce.org/mc/39516

TREATY OF PARIS (disambiguation)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(disambiguation)

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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PARIS PEACE TREATY OF SEPTEMBER 30, 1783

Observations –

Americans We Are SLAVES To The British Crown. The Paris Peace Treaty of 1783
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eTkE-2ckGlA

The Missing Original 13th Amendment – Titles of Nobility and Honor Amendment
http://www.amendment-13.org/index.html
Sourced:
http://barefootsworld.net/

Note. In the treaty Prince George the Third is described as the prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc., and of the United States –

Sources:

Paris Peace Treaty 1783
http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1776-1785/paris-peace-treaty-1783.php

The Paris Peace Treaty of September 30, 1783
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/paris.asp

Definition of Elector
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/elector

Elector -etymology
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=Elector

Prince-elector
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Prince-elector.html

Etymology of “kur”
http://en.allexperts.com/q/German-Language-1585/Etymology-kur.htm

Definition of elector – etymology
http://www.etymology-online.com/elector

The Treaty of Paris, A.D 1783
http://www.bostonleadershipbuilders.com/0political/laws/treaty_of_paris.htm

Peace of Paris
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/443717/Peace-of-Paris

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OF INTEREST

“Knowledge is Freedom” – James Montgomery
http://thinkorbebeaten.com/montgomery.html

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