Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind ― George Orwell


Definition of Surreptitiously

In a way that attempts to avoid notice or attention; secretively.



We had previously substantiated President Donald Trump’s assertion of withdrawing from the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, as one of being a false assertion , having read the Secretary of State’s guidance to US envoys under the title heading, ‘PARIS AGREEMENT, taken from the section numbered (9) of his cable to government officials, given as follows –

Q: Is the United States trying to renegotiate the Paris Agreement? Are you trying to set up a parallel process?
A: At this time, there are no plans to seek to renegotiate or amend the text of the Paris Agreement, or begin negotiations toward a new agreement.


EXCLUSIVE: U.S. envoys told to be coy on re-engaging in Paris climate deal – cable



Has anything changed ? The answer to that, is a simple….nope.

President Donald Trump, as an executive plenipotentiary representing his masters wishes, has no authority to withdraw from Sustainable Developments murderous depopulating climate agreement.


Definition of plenipotentiary

plenipotentiaries (noun, plural)

1. a person, especially a diplomatic agent, invested with full power or authority to transact business on behalf of another.


2. invested with full power or authority, as a diplomatic agent.
3. conferring or bestowing full power, as a commission.
4. absolute or full, as power.



It becomes obvious that a ‘diplomatic plenipotentiary’ represents and acts on behalf of a foreign interest, which interest, of course, President Trump is obligated to represent.

Those foreign interests, of which President Trump is a representative diplomatic agent to them, insist that their corporate interests reflect their ambitions of having murderous depopulaing Sustainable Developments climate change agreement implemented throughout ‘their’ corporate countries.

For those who still fail to grasp that it is impossible for President Trump to withdraw from the United Nations Sustainable Developments murderous climate change agreement, it would bode well for them to have President Trumps true position once again clarified, as given by the agent plenipotentiaries office of the US Secretary of State in the article that follows.

We read, third paragraph –

Some of the positions would be entirely scrapped, said Tillerson, or “if an issue no longer requires a special envoy or representative, then an appropriate bureau will manage any legacy responsibilities”. This was the case with climate change, which will now be managed under the Bureau of Oceans and International and Scientific Affairs (OES).


Tillerson Outlines Plan to Cut Envoy Jobs in State Overhaul

The question that comes to mind is, what is meant by legacy responsibilities ?

The answer to that, can only be the obligation to fulfil historic responsibilities of implementing Sustainable Developments murderous climate change agreement.


Definition of Legacy

something that is a part of your history or that remains from an earlier time



We read, eleventh paragraph –

Also among the jobs proposed for termination is the special envoy for climate issues, following Trump’s announcement that the U.S. will withdraw from the Paris climate accord. Its tasks will be folded into the Bureau of Oceans and International and Scientific Affairs.

Tillerson Outlines Plan to Cut Envoy Jobs in State Overhaul

What remains to be established, is an understanding that the Bureau of Oceans and International and Scientific Affairs (OES) is the direct authority to the United States, over and above that of the Office of the President, on behalf of the owners of a ‘corporate coastal country’, that is to say the United States itself, for ensuring that the UN climate change agreement is implemented.

How can this be so ? would be a question that comes to mind.

The answer is to simply follow and connect the dots, and the fog of confusion will soon clear to be replaced by clarity.

Let us first establish that the OES has responsibility for the environment, that is, climate change.

We read, first paragraph –

The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) is a bureau within the United States Department of State. It coordinates a portfolio of issues related to the world’s oceans, environment, science and technology, and health.

Of the Bureau’s Office of Conservation and Water, we read fourth paragraph –

The Office of Conservation and Water develops U.S. foreign policy approaches to conserving and managing the world ecosystems and to transboundary water issues.


On the question of the Bureau’s ecosystem responsibilities, under the subheading, ‘Classification’, we read, of –

five different methods for identifying ecosystems.

We go on to further read, that one of these systems necessitates –

that it should be tied to reliable measures of climate so that it can “anticipat[e] global climate change; that it be applicable worldwide; that it should be validated against independent data; that it take into account the sometimes complex relationship between climate, vegetation and ecosystem functioning;

Finally, we come to realise that the blame for the ‘notion’ of the earth’s environmental destruction is fraudulently and falsely blamed, in general, on the world’s population at large, who are to be considered pests, when we read, under the subheading, ‘Anthropogenic threats’ –

The environmental impacts of anthropogenic actions, which are processes or materials derived from human activities, are becoming more apparent—air and water quality are increasingly compromised, oceans are being overfished, pests and diseases are extending beyond their historical boundaries, and deforestation is exacerbating flooding downstream.



Definition of Anthropogenic

(chiefly of environmental pollution and pollutants) originating in human activity.



Legal definition of Pests –


Humans in the, ‘US Code Title 7 – Agriculture’, are classified under terms meaning, ‘control of pests’. Pests being defined as,

1. A destructive insect or other animal that attacks crops, food, livestock, etc.
1.1 An annoying person or thing; a nuisance



The series of links to arrive at the definition of ‘humans’ is as follows –

U.S. Code: Title 7 – AGRICULTURE




Paragraph (d) reads –

The term “animal” means all vertebrate and invertebrate species, including but not limited to man and other mammals, birds, fish, and shellfish.

(Here, we can see that the government defines an animal as man when talking about pest control.)

Paragraph (t) reads –

The term “pest” means

(1) any insect, rodent, nematode, fungus, weed, or
(2) any other form of terrestrial or aquatic plant or animal life or virus, bacteria, or other micro-organism (except viruses, bacteria, or other micro-organisms on or in living man or other living animals) which the Administrator declares to be a pest under section 136w (c)(1) of this title.

(Here, we have, pest = animal = man, or, man = animal = pest; and let’s not forget who owns the laws categorized under the US civil law codes.)

See video below, ‘Lethal Injection: The Story of Vaccination’, from time-mark 21:25 minutes to time-mark 24:10. The entire video, however, is a must watch.

Lethal Injection: The Story of Vaccination

Alternative link:

Reference Source Material:



It is the Church that is the Supreme Administrator that administers to the temporal affairs of men by way of lower ranking Administrators.

Definition of Temporal

1 Relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs; secular.



Definition of Administrator

b)The term “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.


Hyperlink term, Administrator:
(d) Scientific advisory panel
(1) In general


EPA Administrator joining Georgetown Discussion on Pope Francis Encyclical and the Environment

Pope Francis’ Encyclical on the Environment: A Dialogue on its Moral and Policy Challenges

EPA chief at Vatican discussing moral obligation for Catholics on climate change

Catholic advocates critical of Trump’s order to review Clean Power Plan

Temporal power (papal)

Roman Catholic Theories of “Indirect Power”

Inquiry into the nature and roots of the temporal power of the Roman Catholic Pope

Chapter V.
Foundation and Extent of the Supremacy


A must watch video presentation –

Anthropogenic Climate Change – Pest Control


Further establishing firmly The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) remit of responsibilities, we read, second paragraph –

Nearly 200 employees further these goals through programs and activities concerning infectious diseases, biodiversity, climate change….In addition, the Bureau represents the United States at major international negotiations.

We read, sixth paragraph –

Taking the lead on climate change issues is Harlan L. Watson, Special Envoy to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Ambassador Watson works closely with the climate team in the Office of Global Change.


About Us
Mission Statement: We advance sustainable development internationally through leadership in oceans, environment, science and health

And of course, the division of the OES whose expertise lies with climate change issues, is as mentioned, the Office of Global Change, as we discover on clicking on its labelled hyper-link –

Climate Change

We read, that –

The Office of Global Change is responsible for implementing and managing U.S. international policy on climate change, and representing the United States in negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and in many other international fora focused on climate change, including the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization.


Office of Global Change

Of particular interest is the Bureau’s primary responsibilities, under its Office of Ocean Affairs, for International Ocean Law, when we read, fourth paragraph –

the Office of Oceans Affairs has primary responsibility for international ocean law and policy


About Us

As will be noted, having selected the hyper-link labelled, Office of Oceans Affairs, we learn that under the State Department (an office presumably representing ‘foreign interests’ given its engagements in implementing United Nations international agreements), support is provided for its responsibilities in an ‘ocean related area’ itemised as being, the Law of the Sea. The Law of the Sea simply is a term for International Ocean Law. The Law of the Sea as International Ocean Law, it will be shown, is of particular importance when it comes to determining ‘where’ a country’s territories are to be found, once an understanding of ‘what’ a country represents is known.

We read, from the responsibilities the Office of Ocean Affairs of the OES fulfils, given as a listing, are also that of a responsibility for the Law of the Sea –



Oceans and Polar Affairs


Terms relating to Monarchy in their Historic Context

Before continuing the pursuit of providing the final jig-saw puzzle pieces of evidence, that without a doubt corroborate President Trump as a mere plenipotentiary diplomatic representative agent of ‘foreign interests’, having no choice but to implement the United Nations Sustainable Developments murderous climate change accord, to which he has surreptitiously agreed to do so, it first maybe helpful to decipher terms that will help to characterise holders of offices of state, in their historic true light, in relation to their allegiances in the performance of their duties.

We note that the term ‘Secretary’, on selecting the hyper-link to it, is given to mean for The Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES) –

the term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Treasury.

22 U.S. Code § 2655a – Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs within Department of State; Assistant Secretary of State as head of Bureau

From an etymology of the term ‘secretary’, we learn its historic use was in relation to the allegiance given over to a king as his keeper of secrets –

Meaning “person who keeps records, write letters, etc.,” originally for a king, first recorded c. 1400.

secretary (n.)

We learn that a –

Royal Secretary (Basilikos Grammateus, Secretarius Regius) is a position at the court of a monarch generally responsible for communicating the sovereign’s wishes to the other members of government. At times and places it may have a number of other duties. In most cases the royal secretary is a close adviser of the monarch. In some cases the office of Royal Secretary evolved into the Secretary of State.


Royal Secretary

As to the other ‘royal secretary’ whose services are given over to a monarch, we learn of –

The Secretary of State of His Holiness The Pope, commonly known as the Cardinal Secretary of State, presides over the Holy See Secretariat of State, which is the oldest and most important dicastery of the Roman Curia. The Secretariat of State performs all the political and diplomatic functions of the Holy See and the Vatican City. The Secretary of State is sometimes described as the prime minister of the Holy See.

Cardinal Secretary of State

We take note, that –

The title secretary of state or state secretary is commonly used for senior or mid-level posts in governments around the world.


Secretary of state

Comment. –

This is important once we learn that governments are instituted by ‘constitutions‘ together with countries.

It must be understood, that the Holy See is said to be a king (king above all kings in the temporal world) who presides in place of Christ, in the Kingdom of Heaven, having his authority established by Peter the Apostle, when we read from Matthew 16:17-19, given in the second paragraph, under the title subheading, ‘Institution of papal supremacy’ –

I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Papal supremacy

Keys of Heaven

Is the Pope a King ?

The End of the Papal Monarchy ?

Category:Papal titles

The official list of titles of the pope

We read –

Thus in a real and important sense, the truth and secrecy of power were allied: to know the truth about power one had to penetrate its secrecy. Consequently, those persons with whom the king consulted in his closet were persons he could trust – the faithful servant, the loyal friend, the wise counselor, and (again according to Day) the secretary, who was in principle all of these, since his very name derived from the word “secret” and expressed “the verie Secrecie, Trust and Regarde, specially imposed on him who beareth the same title.” The secretary, who wrote, copied, and preserved with covertness the king’s words, letters, documents, and correspondence, was, again in principle, the trusted keeper of the closet’s secrets. Secretaries of state, it will be recalled, had also originally beenn personal secretaries to the monarch.


The Uses of History in Early Modern England
edited by Paulina Kewes
Page 386
Genre and Government of Men, not Laws

The Principal Secretary of State: A Survey of the Office from 1558 to 1680
By Florence May Greir Evans Higham
Page 10

We note, ‘closet’ is synonymous with ‘cabinet’, as well as with ‘chamber’ –



With regards to the Assistant Secretary of State denoted as a Secretary of the Treasury being the head of the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES), we note with interest that the Treasury reflects the ‘secretive’ similarities of character, to that given for a –

cabinet (n.)

History of the Presidential Cabinet

We read, first paragraph –

The Department is administered by the Secretary of the Treasury, who is a member of the Cabinet.


United States Department of the Treasury

As to the Assistant Secretary of State being head of the Bureau, we note that a bureau’s expanded definition is a division of government as an office or place where business is transacted. The question is, on whose behalf ? –

bureau (n.)

Interestingly, Cabinet is also diminutive of Old French cabane “cabin” –

Meaning “room or partition of a ship” (later especially one set aside for use of officers) is from mid-14c.


Cabin (n.)

Cabinet (government)

We read –

The Treasury started out as a physical repository for the Crown’s valuable possessions such as important documents and jewels, as well as its cash reserves.


‘Follow the money’ : The Treasury

HM Treasury

We read –

Her Majesty’s Treasury (HM Treasury), sometimes referred to as the Exchequer, or more informally the Treasury, is the British government department responsible for developing and executing the government’s public finance policy and economic policy.

HM Treasury

We read of the ‘Chamber’ and ‘the Treasury’ –

Henry VII and the Exchequer

Crown Estate

In so far as ‘diplomacy’ was entertained by the kings court, aristocracy and nobility took the lead in its representation as diplomats –

The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750: Volume II CULTURES AND POWER
edited by Hamish Scott
Page 686,+history&source=bl&ots=7Y8OTsbGvu&sig=RUrh_VrtHXRfVeyuoXn0EcUrO88&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjszZXViMrWAhWCUlAKHW77DTwQ6AEINjAE#v=onepage&q=diplomatic%20%2B%20diplomat%20%2B%20nobility%20%2B%20aristocrat%20%2B%20king%20%2B%20court%2C%20history&f=false

A Brief History of Diplomacy


We read under the subtitle, ‘History’ –

The first attempt to codify diplomatic immunity into diplomatic law occurred with the Congress of Vienna in 1815. This was followed much later by the Convention regarding Diplomatic Officers (Havana, 1928).

The present treaty on the treatment of diplomats was the outcome of a draft by the International Law Commission. The treaty was adopted on 18 April 1961, by the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Intercourse and Immunities held in Vienna, Austria, and first implemented on 24 April 1964.


Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

We read, under the subheading, From Utrecht to Vienna, fifth paragraph, of events surrounding the Congress of Vienna 1815 –

Tsar Alexander proposed a treaty to his partners, the Holy Alliance. This short and unusual document, with Christian overtones, was signed in Paris on September 1815 by the monarchs of Austria, Prussia and Russia. There is a polarised interpretation, especially in France, that the ‘Holy Alliance’ (in a broad sense) had only been a regression, both social and political. Castlereagh joked that it was a ‘piece of sublime mysticism and nonsense’, even though he recommended Britain to undersign it. Correctly interpreting this document is key to understanding the European order after 1815.


What was the Congress of Vienna?

Congress of Vienna

We read, first paragraph –

Historically, it can also refer to a charter or official document, thus diplomatic, diplomat and diplomacy via the Codex Juris Gentium Diplomaticus

And we are to understand that a king grants all that he can possibly grant, permission and authority, third paragraph –

The term diploma is also used in some historical contexts, to refer to documents signed by a King affirming a grant….



Caption to image reads –

The Praefatio of the Codex Juris Gentium Diplomaticus by Gottfried Willhelm Leibniz contains a brief but fascinating analysis of the relationship between the law of nations and the moral perfectability of mankind


Burlamaqui, Leibniz and The Pursuit of Happiness – Pic of the Week

Comment – The Law of Nations and the moral perfectability of mankind are of course notions of a fictitious nature

Royal houses and dynasties



Aristocracy (class)


Having established historically that the ‘terms’ used to describe the ‘holders of offices of state’ and their ‘offices’ – both of which terms given to, ‘holders’ and their ‘offices’, denote their characteristics as belonging to that of a fictitious corporate nature – were in the employ of monarchy (whose institution in-turn as monarchy, in and of itself, were similarly that of a fictitious corporate nature), it is left for us to determine whether these offices and their holders still remain to this day in the employ of monarchical interests.

That being the case, President Trump and those who officiate for government would still remain in the employ of those behind monarchical interests as their corporate servants in their service.

In order to facilitate this discovery, we turn to what was earlier suggested; that governments are instituted by ‘constitutions’ together with their countries, or kingdoms, and that they are in-fact all corporations, and that they are as corporate-possessions held in the hands of their owners (‘foreign interests’).

And so the definition of the Church or any other ‘state of affairs’, created by its political charter (constitution), follows as being that of a trading corporation, more in line with that of a ‘holding-company’.

‘Foreign interests’, contextually here used, is a term to denote those behind the inherited ownership of monarchical titles or those individuals stemming from The Great Houses of Family Nobility and Royal houses and dynasties.

Following the explanation and accompanying evidence to show that countries, or kingdoms, and indeed intergovernmental institutions of a higher authority (for example, regional unions allied to the United Nations, of which organisation countries are also separately allied to as also inferior authorities; and above all, ‘religious institutions’ of a higher hierarchical order to countries, kingdoms, and intergovernmental institutions) are all in fact corporations, it necessarily follows that their ‘policy as laws’ that they create and institute are in their ownership and that therefore, in-turn, corporate countries and their policy as laws that they create and institute, are in-turn held in ownership by those in possession of them, that is to say, institutions of a higher hierarchical order; and that in like manner, through higher-superior hierarchical corporate institutions, final ownership rests with and is held by ‘foreign interests’ as the founder-creators of these various bodies through the creation and the use of ‘written instruments’.

Here then follows the means to understand that countries are in-fact corporations, together with the necessary proofs corroborating this assertion, which explanation and proofs, place President Trump and those who officiate for government, in the position of being ‘subservient’ to higher authority, namely to the owners of the varied corporate entities previously enumerated.


The truth and secrecy of power were allied: to know the truth about power one had to penetrate its secrecy

– Page 386 The Uses of History in Early Modern England edited by Paulina Kewes

Definition Of A Corporation – Towards Ownership

When people individually agree, or ‘contract’, to come together to work in each other’s company, by cooperating together towards the aims of achieving ‘someone’s idea’, or, act out their lives in accordance with someone’s idea, in accepting what that ‘fictional idea’ provides and offers as a service (e.g., legislative-law) for them to use, we have in the preceding words, the definition of a ‘business company’ with the use of the word, company, being an obvious clue, and also with the use of the word cooperating (its other form being, cooperation), being another obvious clue, that can be replaced with a similar sounding word – corporation – providing for the same principles. Both the words, company and corporation, describe what would be a personally owned private business created for fulfiling the aims of achieving its ambitions for its owner or group-owners amounting to a relatively small number of individuals forming that group in relation to the outside world.

Understanding the principles of a business company in the way it has just been defined, shows us that a ‘written instrument’, described as a political charter (constitution), can only be a personally owned private fictitious corporate business (a private business company), offering a broad range of services from which people can make a ‘choice’ from services ‘offered’, so that they can act out their lives within someone’s personally owned private corporate business idea or fiction, through contract.

From the invaluable material to be found in, ‘archive(dot)org’, a few examples to illustrate why the preceding makes sense.

A most revealing title –

Commentaries on The Modern Law of Municipal Corporations including Public Corporations and Political and Governmental Corporations of Every Class
by Smith, John W. (John Wilson); Beach, Charles Fisk, 1854-1934
Published 1903

City government in the United States : with a chapter on the Greater New York charter of 1897 (1894)
by Conkling, Alfred R. (Alfred Ronald), 1850-1917
Published 1894

Page 1 – Chapter I. Government of American Cities

A CITY is a municipal corporation


City government in the United States

Commentaries on The Modern Law of Municipal Corporations including Public Corporations and Political and Governmental Corporations of Every Class
by Smith, John W. (John Wilson); Beach, Charles Fisk, 1854-1934
Published 1903

Page 17 – Chapter I. Introductory – Historical View.

§13. The state.

A state is a body politic, or society of men united together for the purpose of promoting their mutual safety and advantage by the joint efforts of their combined strength. In this country the term is, of course, applied to the members of the United States. The definition given above applies to the states of this country, and it is clear from that definition that each state is in many important respects a corporation.


Commentaries on The Modern Law of Municipal Corporations including Public Corporations and Political and Governmental Corporations of Every Class

Report of the Charter Revision Commission to the Governor of the State of New York General index of the New York city charter : with table of amendments
by New York (N.Y.). Charter; City Club of New York
Published 1900

p.53 reads:


The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate

and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Section One. Chapter three hundred and seventyeight

of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninetyseven,

entitled “An act to unite into one municipality

under the corporate name of The City of New York, …

(Source: since withdrawn from the archive)

Alternatively –

pages 53 -54
General index of the New York city charter : with table of amendments
By New York (N.Y.). Charter; City Club of New York
Publication date1900

Lastly, a book which has since been withdrawn from the archive, presented within its pages, the following –





Page 7 reads:

Their written constitutions had taken the place of the royal charters…

Page 16 reads:

So far as it could properly be called a government, it was a government for the States in their corporate capacities, with no power to reach individuals…

Proposed charter of the city of Detroit : to be voted upon at a special election, February 10, 1914

page 3, The Charter of the City of Detroit, CHAPTER I, INCORPORATION: CITY AND WARD BOUNDARIES, (§ 1.) SECTION 1., The people of the State of Michigan, enact:, reads in part as follows –

one body politic and corporate, under the name and style of the city of Detroit

The Charter of the city of Detroit

Municipal corporation

Definition of Corporator

DetCharter – The City of Detroit Charter

City of Detroit



Counties constituting the state of Michigan –

page 36, ARTICLE X. COUNTIES. Body Corporate: (122) SECTION 1, reads in part as follows,

“Each organized county shall be a body corporate”

Townships constituting the Counties of the state of Michigan –

page 39, ARTICLE XI. TOWNSHIPS. Body Corporate: (134) SEC. 2, reads in part as follows,

“Each organized township shall be a body corporate”

The constitution of the State of Michigan

Further, we read –

“Towns and cities in American public law are regarded as political departments of the state government”.


American public law is law owned by private interests, of which law applies to the operations of businesses known as countries and their subdivisions that act as franchises to them.

The term ‘political’, identifies entities or terms associated with it, as belonging to the personal creations of an individuals mind, as figments of their imagination for that private individual, or, gathering of private individuals as a group, of which fictitious imaginings remain with them and do not extend to other individuals outside their grouping. The terms political and politics, after all, are attributes of someones ‘private personal opinion’, of how they see the world without anyone else being obligated to hold the same view or contract to their fictitious world.


Municipal charters; a discussion of the essentials of a city charter, with forms or models for adoption

A Model city charter

A treatise on the law of municipal corporations

Comment –

What has obviously happened through the course of time, is that once the oligarchy were confident that people paid little to no attention to these matters, they went ahead and dropped the word corporation from many of the titles to political charters.


Determining the principles that characterise countries and other institutional organisations as corporations –

Political Charters Create Corporate Countries As Fictions

Category:Political charters

Given an understanding of the nature of constitutions, it becomes clear as to why the following can be seen to make sense –

28 U.S. Code § 3002 – Definitions

(15) “United States” means—
(A) a Federal corporation;
(B) an agency, department, commission, board, or other entity of the United States; or
(C) an instrumentality of the United States.

In the phrase given as, ‘of the United States’, what is the United States ?


(A) a Federal corporation



The incorporation of the United States is entirely lawful. It must be understood that all countries throughout history have been and still are, of necessity, personally owned private corporations created from personally owned ‘copyrighted’ private political charters (constitutions), and that the governments and political assemblies, for example, parliaments and congresses, created under the authority of those constitutions, are mere agents to the owners of corporate countries. As an owner to a constitution, you are within your rights to by-pass your representative political governments and your political assemblies.

(Nature’s Cause As The Only Exceptional Fiction – Cause & Effect)

Countries are therefore, The Great Trading Corporations of their Owners –

Read under the title heading, §6. The Great Trading Corporations, on page 7 of,

A treatise on the law of private corporations
by Elliott, Charles B. (Charles Burke), 1861-1935; Abbott, Howard S. (Howard Strickland), 1864-1944
Published 1911

(It can now be seen that the word country is synonymous with the word corporation)


Given an appreciation of the personally owned private corporate nature of countries, as they should quite rightly be understood, the necessity of the US representatives presence in London to secure agreement with HM Government, with regards to social security arrangements, becomes clearer –

Statutory Instruments 1997 No. 1778 SOCIAL SECURITY – The Social Security (United States of America) Order 1997


Arriving directly to the point, we find where it is shown that the Office of Presidents of the United States – as well as that of President Trump and his office – do in fact owe their allegiances to ‘offices of monarchy’ to this very day; because all the ‘written instruments’ as personal privately owned law (constitutions) establishing the corporate United States, still remain in the hands of their founders by way of those representative agents that created them on monarchies behalf; not forgetting that the office of the Holy See is a monarch superior to all others.

At the same time this is discovered, it will become clear that the corporate United Nations as a ‘holding company’ is also owned by the same interests that established it with the use of their personal private written instrument (political charter) that incorporated (created) it into their ownership. Membership of corporate countries to the United Nations (a holding company) as a ‘superior authority’, means that the corporate United Nations is in possession of them, that is to say, is in ownership of them.

Furthermore, to prove that the ownership of these written instruments are ‘personal private property’ through which the offices of monarchy, and by extension those ‘interests’ behind the inheritance of the office of monarchy, are entitled to commercially benefit from their instruments which incorporated (created) their ‘Great Trading Corporations’ as countries, it is shown were ‘copyright’ registration of these instruments are to be found –

Monarchical Ownership of the United States and Allegiance of the Office of President to Monarchy

From the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), we learn, from the heading, ‘What is Intellectual Property ?’ –

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind….used in commerce.

WIPO’s database lists those ‘written instruments’ which are privately owned and protected in law as patented, copyrighted and trademarked, when we come to understand that –

IP is protected in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create.


About IP

Since WIPO’s database provides for a search inquiry facility to discover which privately owned ‘written instruments’ are ‘listed’ as copyright, we soon learn using the appropriate search terms, that not only is every corporate country ‘listed’ as copyrighted, but more specifically in relation to those corporate entities under the present discussion, we find the copyright for the following as ‘listed’ –

United States of America
The Constitution of the United States of America

United States of America (185 texts)


United Kingdom (285 texts)

Holy See (8 texts)

Holy See
Fundamental Law of Vatican City State

Holy See
Fundamental Law of Vatican City State

Of further interest with regards to the USA that the WIPO Standing Committee on Patents provides, as background to the USA’s legal position, is that its constitution is over-ridden by international treaties, when we read, page 13 and page 14 respectively –

page 13
U.S. CONST. ART. VI, CL. 2: “This Constitution, and the laws of the
United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all
treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United
States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every
state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of
any State to the contrary notwithstanding.”

page 14
Treaties are expressly declared to be “the
supreme law of the land.”


International Privilege Issues: A United States View
WIPO Standing Committee on Patents
5 November 2014

Definition of Notwithstanding

In spite of

Example for Educational Purposes Only

This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby,notwithstanding (in spite of) anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary.



The treaties under which the US abides to, as well as all other countries and regional bodies that are a member, are those of the United Nations.

When we turn our attention to the corporate United Nations, we discover who or what it is that is in ownership of it.


70 years ago after the Second World War –

Commemorating the UN charter

Charter of the United Nations
San Francisco, 26 June 1945

We read –

“The President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister…representing His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom…”


Atlantic Charter, jpeg

Atlantic Charter


Definition of And

Used to connect words of the same part of speech, clauses, or sentences, that are to be taken jointly:

‘bread and butter
they can read and write
a hundred and fifty’



Both the President of the United States and the Prime Minister are representing His Majesty

We read –

” In the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, the Allies pledged adherence to this charter’s principles.”

“The Atlantic Charter set goals for the post-war world and inspired many of the international agreements that shaped the world thereafter.”

The policy was issued as a statement; as such there was no formal, legal document entitled “The Atlantic Charter”.


Atlantic Charter


The United Nations “pledges” adherence to the Atlantic Charter, means that the United Nations “allegiance” is to the Atlantic Charter. It is therefore the Atlantic Charter that is in ownership of the United Nations and it, the Atlantic Charter, is in turn in the ownership of the Office titled His Majesty, which Office of Monarchy will pass to the Heirs of that Office.





Definition of Subscribe

3 formal [with object]

Sign (a will, contract, or other document)
‘he subscribed the will as a witness’


Definition of Pledge

2 Law

A thing that is given as security for the fulfilment of a contract or the payment of a debt and is liable to forfeiture in the event of failure.
‘he had given the object as a pledge to a creditor’

Definition of Adherence


The ‘thing’ given over as fulfilment of a ‘contract’ in the case of signatories to the United Nations is a ‘country’, brought about when the signatories to ‘a declaration’ (The United Nations Declaration) ‘subscribe’ to it and in turn automatically subscribe to the founding document of that declaration – The Atlantic Charter.


1941: The Atlantic Charter

1942: Declaration of The United Nations

The Declaration by United Nations

Declaration by United Nations


Once we understand and establish that the ‘principles’ laid down in the written instruments (documents) that founded the chartered corporate United States were in fact intellectual property rights belonging to monarchy, and presented by the monarch’s representative diplomatic agent emissaries, then ownership of the chartered corporate United States cannot be disputed as not belonging to the ‘Office of Monarchy’ and the heirs to that titled office.

We read of the King’s Templars allied to the Church, fourth paragraph –

‘Middle Templars took the Charter’s principles with them to America in the same years. Five members of Inner or Middle Temple would sign the Declaration of Independence in 1776, seven Middle Templars the American Constitution in 1787. Such links remain strong: the American Ambassador, Chief Justice and Attorney General are all Honorary Benchers of Middle Temple.’


The Charter, the Temple, and the Temple Church, ‘Mother Church of the Common Law.’

We go on to discover that the Monarch had surrendered his Kingdom to the Roman Catholic Church. In so doing, the preceding political charters (constitutions) that established the monarchies corporate kingdom were handed over to the Church or nullified, to be replaced by the Monarch’s grant of authorising the ownership of his corporate Kingdom to the Church (Bulla Aurea of King John I, 1213).

The Church’s ownership of the King’s corporate Kingdom meant that the Church was not only in possession of the Monarch’s Kingdom but also of the Monarch’s corporate United States –

Bulla Aurea of King John I, 1213

Sourced –

Medieval Legal History –
Chapter heading :
English Law
Subtitle heading :
Common Law: 13th Century
‘John I: Concession Of England To The Pope. 1213’

Medieval Sourcebook:
John I:
Concession Of England To The Pope. 1213
(from. Stubb’s Charters, p. 284, translated in Ernest F. Henderson, , Select Historical Documents of the Middle Ages, (London: George Bell, 1910), pp. 430-431)

Bulla Aurea of King Johm I of 1213, Full Text Reads –

John, by the grace of God, king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, to all the faithful of Christ who shall look upon this pre. sent charter, greeting.

We wish it to be known to all of you, through this our charter, furnished with our seal, that inasmuch as we had offended in many ways God and our mother the holy church, and in consequence ar known to have very, much needed the divine mercy, and can not offer anything worthy for making due satisfaction to God and to the church unless we humiliate ourselves and our kingdoms:-we, wishing to humiliate ourselves for Him who humiliated Himself for us unto death, the grace of the Holy Spirit inspiring, not induced by force or compelled by fear, but of our own good and spontaneous will and by the common counsel of our barons, do offer and freely concede to God and His holy apostles Peter and Paul and to our mother the holy Roman church, and to our lord pope Innocent and to his Catholic successors, the whole kingdom of England and the whole kingdom Ireland, with all their rights and appurtenances, for the. remission of our own sins and of those of our whole race as well for the living as for the dead; and now receiving and holding them, as it were a vassal, from God and the Roman church, in the presence of that prudent man Pandulph, subdeacon and of the household of the lord pope, we perform and swear fealty for them to him our aforesaid lord pope Innocent, and his catbolic successors and the Roman church, according to the form appended; and in the presence of the lord pope, if we shall be able to come before him, we shall do liege homage to him; binding our successors aid our heirs by our wife forever, in -similar manner to perform fealty and show homage to him who shall be chief pontiff at that time, and to the Roman church without demur. As a sign, moreover, of this our on we will and establish perpetual obligation and concession we will establish that from the proper and especial revenues of our aforesaid kingdoms, for all the service and customs which we ought to render for them, saving in all things the penny of St. Peter, the Roman church shall receive yearly a thousand marks sterling, namely at the feast of St. Michael five hundred marks, and at Easter five hundred marks-seven hundred, namely, for the kingdom of England, and three hundred for the kingdom of Ireland-saving to us and to our heirs our rights, liberties and regalia; all of which things, as they have been described above, we wish to have perpetually valid and firm; and we bind ourselves and our successors not to act counter to them. And if we or any one of our successors shall presume to attempt this, whoever he be, unless being duly warned he come to his kingdom, and this senses, be shall lose his right to the kingdom, and this charter of our obligation and concession shall always remain firm.

Form of the oath of fealty

I, John, by the grace of God, ‘king of England and lord of Ireland, from this hour forth will be faithful to God and St, Peter and the Roman church and my lord pope Innocent and his Successors who are ordained in a Catholic manner: I shall not bring it about by deed, word, consent or counsel, that they lose life or members or be taken captive, I will impede their being harmed if I know of it, and will cause harm to be removed from them if I shall be able: otherwise as quickly as I can I will intimate it or tell of it to such persons as I believe for certain will inform them. Any counsel which they entrust to me through themselves or through their envoys or through their letters, I will keep secret, nor will I knowingly disclose it to anyone to their harm. I will aid to the best of my ability in holding and defending against all men the patrimony of St. Peter, and especially the kingdom of England and the kingdom of Ireland. So may God and these holy Gospels aid me.
I myself bearing witness in the house of the Knights Templars near Dover, in the presence of master H., archbishop of Dublin; master J., bishop of Norwich; G., the son of Peter count of Essex, our justice; W., count of Salisbury, our brother; W. Marshall, count of Pembroke; R., count of Boulogne; W., count of Warren; S., count of Winchester; W., cuunt of Arundel; W., count of Ferrieres; W, Briwer; Peter, son of Herbert; Warin, son of Gerold; on the 15th day of May, in the 14th year of our reign.

Reference Material Source:





The ‘common’ people can never acquire ownership since they are not the creators of these corporations. What is created remains in the ownership of its creator or creators and their assigns, despite the use of any ‘terms’ to be found in the instrument that ‘defines’ what has been created. For example, the term ‘people’. People are, of course, already ‘free’ on the land as ‘non-contracting parties or people’ under the jurisdiction of Natural Law. They are also ‘free’ to then contract with a fictional corporation in its fictional territory under its fictional jurisdiction, and become liable for the fictional corporations policies as, of course, ‘contracting-parties or people to an agreement’. If such contracts are no longer a benefit to people and they choose to remain contracted, then the position becomes one of Slavery By Consent:


The American Revolutionary War Never Ended

Definitive treaty of peace and friendship between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America [microform] : signed at Paris, the 3rd of September, 1783 (1783)

TO THE VICTOR, THE SPOILS – Transcript of Treaty of Paris (1783)

The United States is Still a British Colony

USA a British crown colony

Reference Material Source:


The Kings, Popes and Parasites in Early American History


Prince Charles: decisive action must be taken to save marine life


Ownership of Law

The ownership of law stems from those who issue it or their representatives who issue it on their behalf for the operations of ‘their’ fictitious world.

The priest is the personification of falsehood
― Giuseppe Garibaldi

The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose
― William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice

The Law was made for one thing alone, for the exploitation of those who don’t understand it
― Bertolt Brecht, The Threepenny Opera

It would be most instructive, solely for comparative purposes against those (personally owned) private fictitious laws of the ‘creations of the mind’ taken to mean The Traditions of Men, to acquire a simple yet as complete as possible of an explanation that provides for an understanding of ‘how’ to go about finding True Law, or, ‘where’ it is that True Law is to be found.

In an attempt to provide for such instruction of an understanding of True Law and its operations, to unveil the true position of people in light of its operations to which all people are subjected, once again the following is presented in the hopes that its significance will be fully appreciated –

(Nature’s Cause As The Only Exceptional Fiction – Cause & Effect)



Having acquired an appreciation of the preceding, then it can be seen that –

The Traditions of Men Are Laws For Fictions

The ownership of law is the ownership of the ‘traditions of men’, and as traditions, law are personally owned private fiction.

From the title, Elements of ecclesiastical law (1895), it is most instructive to read –

Of American Canon Law, or of the National Canon Law of the United States, pages 53 – pages 54, which in part reads as follows,


Q. What is meant by American canon law ?

A. By the national eccl. law of this country we understand the various derogations from the ” jus commune, ” or the different customs that exist among the churches in the United States, and are sanctioned or tolerated by the Roman Pontiff. We say, ” are sanctioned or tolerated by the Roman Pontiff ” ; for, as was seen, no national law can become legitimate except by at least the tacit or legal consent of the Pope. Again, the ” jus particulare ” of a nation always remains subject to the authority of the Holy See in such manner as to be repealable at any time by it. Hence, the jus nationale, or the exceptional ecclesiastical laws prevalent in the United States, may be abolished at any time by the Sovereign Pontiff.


Elements of ecclesiastical law (1895)


It is interesting to note, although made convoluted, common law still remains a ‘civil law system’ in the ownership of fictional traditions originating with man – the clergy being the fountain of its issuance – when we read,

The phrase “the common law of the civil law systems” means those underlying laws that create a distinct legal system and are common to all its elements.


Jus commune


We read,

‘In the civil law. Common right; the common and natural rule of right, as opposed to jus singulare, (q. v.) Mackeld. Rom. Law,’




Whose common and natural rule of right ? That is to say, common and natural right belonging to whom; in whose interests ?


In the officially sanctioned encyclopedia of the Church, ‘Catholic Encyclopedia’, we read, second paragraph –

“Canon law may be divided into various branches…”

Catholic Encyclopedia

Under the fifth bullet-point, we find bracketed –

“( jus universale et particulare)”, meaning – jus universale (universal law or jurisdiction); jus particulare (particular / local law or jurisdiction).

This concurs with the terms used on page 53 in Elements of ecclesiastical law (1895) of the section titled, ‘ART. II – Of American Canon Law, or of the National Canon Law of the United States’.

New Advent Encyclopedia endorsement at bottom of homepage, reads –

“The Editors take occasion on the appearance of this first volume to express their gratitude to all who have taken part with them in this enterprise; in particular to the hierarchy for their cordial endorsement…”





For a clearer appreciation of what is meant within pages 53 – pages 54, to be found in, ART. II Of American Canon Law, or of the National Canon Law of the United States, taken from –

Pepe Orsini Hates My Freedom
Elements of Ecclesiastical Law

alternative link –

Elements of Ecclesiastical Law

As for the United States winning the War of Independence ?

That issue of ‘Indepedence’, if it still hasn’t dawned on those who do not appreciate the revelation of everyone’s true ‘position’ world-wide, as that of being in involuntary servitude (slavery), by coming to an understanding of that ‘position’ through the distinction to be made between reality (real things or real nouns) and fiction (fictional or fictitious things or fictional nouns), and that shatters Machiavellian deception brought to the world at large by ‘the great and the good’, then perhaps ‘appreciation’ can be given greater clarity with the excellent article given by ‘Pepe Orsini Hates My Freedom’, titled –

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 Article 4

alternative link –

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 Article 4


Discovering Where It Is The Territories Of Countries Are To Be Found

We earlier alluded to countries ‘territories’ being in a different place ordinarily thought to be, having made mention of the ‘Law of the Sea’, by remarking that –

The Law of the Sea as International Ocean Law, it will be shown, is of particular importance when it comes to determining ‘where’ a country’s territories are to be found, once an understanding of ‘what’ a country represents is known.

In discovering that the nature of a country is that of a ‘personally owned private fictitious entity’, it follows that ‘physical’ beings cannot reside in ‘fiction’, and therefore, at the very least countries and their personally owned private-policies as laws attaching to them, cannot extend their capacities to those who have not agreed to the use of their services, or contracted to the use of their services, or are not in their employ, in order that countries and those in their employ do not transgress ‘the law of freewill’ to be found in the physical world of nature under the operations of Natural Law.

In this regards therefore, countries having need to have a place to operate from, if indeed they are in possession of ‘physical’ territory from where to operate, can only therefore operate from a place where they do not ordinarily affect or impose themselves on the freewill of people to be found in the physical world under the jurisdictional authority of Natural Law.

We shall arrive to discover where it is that countries can only ‘claim’ their territories are to be found, by way of first revising what has been discussed given in the form of correspondence, which correspondence provides perspective in presenting at its end the means with which to discover the ‘claimed’ locations of countries territories –

OF FICTIONS (The world of the imagination)

How do we know something is real, that it is of the physical world

– The physical world is to be found through the five senses (The world of the five senses)

– No name changes

How do we know something is not real, that it is a fiction not of the physical world

i) The fictional world is not to be found through the five senses,

and when there is doubt,

ii) Look for name changes

For example, we could ask the question –

“Do countries change their name through history ?”


We must clearly understand, that the imaginative space of the mind can create geographies and territories of its own, and since these geographies and territories have the sense of imagination only, they are of course not real

We can say, fictions in a geographic sense can be found in the territory of the imagination, or

a fiction as imagination in a geographic sense can be found in the territory of a fiction as imagination, or

a fiction is to be found in a fiction as imagination, or

a fiction means we will always find it in a fiction, or

a fiction means a fiction

Conclusion –

What is thought or imagined by a person is then a fiction.

The fiction being thought about, belongs to the person whose imagination created it.

An idea is a fiction belonging to the person whose imagination created it.

That fiction is of course then, a personally owned private idea, coming from the persons imagination who was responsible for creating it.

Fictions belong to an individuals imagination or are an individuals creation of the mind, and are therefore –

personally owned private fictitious property belonging to an individual

Fictions are then regarded as Intellectual Property and can of course be registered by an individual as property belonging to them

When an individual registers, for recording purposes only, their fiction as belonging to them,

i) other people learn of that personally owned private fiction when it is communicated on paper

ii) other people, on finding that that fiction has been registered,

– understand that fiction, to be personally owned private property because it had been registered,

by the creator or inventor of the fiction, or registered

by the creators or inventors representatives

– understand that the fiction cannot possibly belong to them if they have use of it

– understand that the fictions exploitation is for the benefit of its creator only, as is obviously his entitlement, as the owner of his imaginative creation

– understand that the fiction’s owner, can change the name of his fiction as many times as he wants, simply because it is his fiction to do with as he pleases



A Primer On Fictions In Exposing Their Dangers –

The informations to follow reproduced here, are from correspondence found in letters, demonstrating that what people take as being obvious and think to be absurdly simple and therefore without relevance, are likely in fact to be the most crucial and important far reaching knowledge they could ever come to learn.

It is to be remembered that the most obvious and simplest of things, most often than not, provide for the key to understanding the most complex of things.

The challenge remains with the reader to confirm for themselves whether this is true. Here then follows that challenge for the reader to find out the truth of this for themselves –



by now, if you’ve had time, you may have reached a point that seems a little odd when we look at the factual basis of what a kingdom, country, state, province, region, and so on, can only be.

The key lies in knowing what the difference is between real things and fictional things? That is to say, things of the imagination as fictions.

Although what I am going to say seems foolishly basic, it is crucial to appreciate the significance of what is being said.

We know something is real by using our five senses. If you can see something, hear something, smell something, taste something, and finally touch something, then you know it is real. That’s what our senses are for, to make us aware of real things.

When you deal with a word symbolising and pointing to something that is meant to be real, for example land, then somebody who does not know what that is, can be shown it by just using your finger to point to it, and immediately they can ‘see’ for themselves what that word-symbol points to, and also with their sense of ‘sight’ they can confirm it as being something real, that is to say something in the real world, the physical world. It needs no further explanation or description as a word.

It does not matter what form the land takes, it remains land, such as a hill, valley etc. These forms of land all can be confirmed as real with the ‘sense’ of sight.

A long time ago people used to describe themselves as coming from the ‘land of’, now they describe themselves as coming from the ‘country of’, or ‘province of’, or ‘state of’, etc., without reference to land.

A big key that helps you unlock the knowledge that you are dealing with fictional or fictitious things, figments of someone’s imagination, is that they tend to need explanation and are very difficult to point to with your finger.

If we take countries, we must be suspicious as to what they represent because they keep changing names, whereas real things always maintain the same name. A chair will always retain the name chair, although there are different types of chair.

Land will always retain the name land, even though it may take different forms, and so we say that the land has taken the form of a hill for example.

So fictions need a long description to explain them, which we come to learn through their explanation, and also it is not easy to point to them in the real world. Furthermore, they tend to change names, whereas real things do not. Land remains land and we find it in the territory of the real world of physical existence confirmed with our five senses, as opposed to the territory of someone’s imagination. Imagination being simply sensations of the mind alone.

The big clue with knowing that countries etc., are fictions or figments of someone’s imagination, is finding their creation dates, as well as the clue of maps being labeled ‘political maps’. Politics being someone’s personal ideas of how we should relate to each other or their description of spacial (or spatial) perception, and therefore a figment of their imagination, their fantasy.

We can of course agree with them or simply disagree with them, nonetheless, it is their personal opinion, their imaginative creation or fiction, as to how we should relate with each other.

That is why their ‘personal thoughts’ of how they see the world’s territories does not relate to the land, but relates to a ‘political’ map, the word political indicating personal opinion as fiction and not the reality of the physical world we confirm with our senses.

Here is proof of what is being said –

List of sovereign states by date of formation –

List of national constitutions –

Constitutions create countries and are classified as ‘written instruments’ under the term charters or political charters –

Category:Political charters

Maps marked political maps –

Note.- All terms relating to political maps, therefore relate to fictional ideas, like for example, nation, state, etc.

Political maps therefore, do not relate to the physical world as it ‘is’ discovered through the five senses, but they just refer to someone’s personal opinion, or fiction, of how they choose to internally percieve the world. And that is why they are termed political maps, politics being of course a matter of personal opinion, that is to say someone’s imaginative ideas, figments of the imagination, flights of fancy, or plain old ‘fictions’, of how they perceive relationships mapped out on paper.

And that is exactly where countries can ‘only’ be found, on the pieces of paper that created them commonly known as constitutions, as well as being visually depicted on other pieces of paper called maps, that have absolutely no relationship to the real world of things, except to ‘psychologically’ delude.

We can conclude that the territory of countries being spoken about, can be found only within the imagination of those that created them and also the imagination of those that agree, although they really do not understand what it is they agreed to, simply because they do not understand the vital importance of not confusing real things with fictional things.

Well, that is enough for now, except to begin to think about ‘where’ it is you make an income or living ? In the territories of the physical world, the world of the five senses, or the territories of the imaginative world, the world of someone’s fantasy.

That being said, you may come to understand this written material a little better, starting from the subheading,


(Nature’s Cause As The Only Exceptional Fiction – Cause & Effect)


Hello again,

I hope you got through the first letter without great difficulty and that you were stimulated into understanding how you see things as they ‘are’ using your five senses alone, without any thoughts, opinions, or feelings of what it is that your five senses presented. No idea’s involved whatsoever, just five senses showing real things in the physical world as they ‘are’.

And that most definitely means having to stop imposing ‘thoughts’ on others, any thoughts, particularly that of ‘learnt’ history. Meaning what is thought of them, their origins, background, character, and so on. It is vitally important to do this so that a clearer and more accurate perception of what it is that is under investigation with regards to the subject is obtained.

This is done to try and discover the real and underlying objects of anything presented, so that when, after temporarily suspending thoughts, thoughts can then more clearly operate with a more realistic picture of what it is that is under investigation.

Here, I would like to mention a word that a lot of people are confused by.

The word is, ‘include’.

Some of the other forms of the same word are,

‘includes, included, including.

The word ‘include’ quite simply means,

‘made up of’.

When the word include is used, it is known as an ‘exclusionary word’, because it excludes everything that is not listed with its use, or that is not listed after its use in a sentence.

That simply means, when we see something being spoken about with the word ‘include’ present, or its various forms, we wait to see a list of ‘all’ the things that make up that thing being spoken about. It must be just only the full list of all things that make up the final thing being spoken about. Everything else then is excluded and ignored. That is why ‘include’ is said to be an exclusionary word or term.

For example when we see a cake, and someone says,

“this cake’s ingredients includes…”.

Well, we wait to hear what all the ingredients are that made up the cake we see. We need a list of the full or entire ingredients, not just some of them. In otherwords, a full list of the entire ingredients that made up the cake that we see in front of us. In that way we know what the cake was made up of, and only what the cake was made up of. Everything is then listed for the ingredients of that cake after the word ‘includes’.

As with the cake, we can expect this for everything else too, because that is what the use of the word ‘include’, or its other forms, means has to happen.

Why is this important ?

This is important because it goes back to what was spoken about in the first correspondence on,

‘real things’ and ‘fictitious (or fictional) things’.

We understand where real things are to be found. They are to be found in the territory of the physical world of reality or existence, which we confirm with our five senses of,

sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.

We also know that fictitious things are figments of someone’s imagination, that are simply sensations of the mind alone, and are therefore to be found in the territory of the imagination.

An example of such ‘fictitious things’ are countries, that can be communicated and created on paper, when we see the use of the terms ‘political charters (constitutions)’, indicating to us that countries are fictions with the use of the term political being used. And that we come to know of their ‘imaginative’ existence, only when they are written down for us to ‘learn’ about them.

We also come to ‘learn’ how these fictions ‘spatially’ relate, or relate in space to each other, in the territory of the mind that imagined them, when their ‘spacial (or spatial) conception’ in the territory of that persons mind, are also shown on paper, to help communicate the fiction they have imagined.

The paper that shows and communicates these spacial personally owned imaginings of countries in somebodies mind, are called political maps (or ordinances).

Why are they said to be personally owned ?

Because simply you did not create them, and are therefore not yours to own. They are ‘written instruments’ owned by the person or persons who created them directly, or had them created through their representatives.

And of course, were you to create something, it would belong to you and you could patent or copywrite it. By copywriting it, that is how people would know that there is an owner behind what it is they are reading, and what they would be reading could not be, or ever be, their ‘property’. The property would clearly belong to somebody else.

The document being read, would then obviously be a personally owned private document or ‘written instrument’ as someone’s property.

Back to Countries

Now, since countries are personally owned private fictions, and being somebodies fictions, as their imaginative property that they created, it follows that they are obviously free to believe in their imaginative fictitious creations for themselves. And that other people may agree to believe in these fictions and follow whatever it is they instruct.

Other people may also not agree to believe in these fictions, and not follow whatever it is that they instruct. Which ever the case, it is left for them to agree or to not agree. By agreeing, they clearly have contracted to do so, since contract simply means agreement. By not agreeing, they clearly have not contracted.

An idea that you hold personally as your private fiction, can not obviously be imposed on someone who does not hold to the same idea. Of course, people may agree to be bound by an idea, but that is entirely up to them. They can equally not agree to engaging in the business of someone’s idea, and that would be fine too. This agreeing or not agreeing, of course, applies to everyone equally.

To make, threaten, or force someone to agree or to disagree would be to make them into a slave.

Now that we understand that, then this whole idea must be the same for personally owned private countries.

In other words, personally owned private fictitious countries, cannot make rules to force people to agree or to disagree. All individuals, have equal freewill to choose what they agree to for themselves, and they and their individual freewill are to be found in the the territory of the physical world of nature.

Wait a minute !!!! Hmmmm….what has been said here, could all be nonsense.

So the best place to find out, if this is all true, is to go to the people with the experts to know, and read what they say about their countries when they give a legislative definition of their countries in making contractual deals with each other.

It must not be forgotten that these are ‘precise’ legal or legislative terms in these documents, and define who, as countries, the parties to these deals are, and where they are to be found, meaning their territory, so that they do not impose on people’s choice that freewill gives them.

Of course, if having read the definitions, you agree that is ‘where’ you make your income or a living, then fine, go ahead and follow their laws and start paying up for things like taxes for being where a country is said to be found by their governments.

Definition of countries and knowing what they are ‘made up of’ when looking at the word ‘include’ and its different forms to define them –

Note.- Do not forget. What needs to be found are words as symbols that point to ‘real things’, or ‘real nouns’, to be found in the physical world, listed after the word ‘include’, meaning ‘made up of’.

The real nouns listed after the word include (or its differing forms), can only be therefore, those real things listed that will go to ‘make up’ the entire country, nothing else.


Go through the link below systematically and carefully, to learn how to find these definitions. Use common sense and be patient taking the advise of the instructions in the link, if asked to do so.

Once the definitions are found, practice finding them in different countries, states, provinces, etc., websites. Usually the websites of finance ministries or tax authorities, using the search terms,

‘double taxation treaties’ or

‘tax treaty/treaties’ or

‘tax agreement/s’ or

‘double taxation convention’ or

‘tax convention’ or

‘tax information exchange agreements’ (abbreviated to TIEA)

(Follow the instructions and open links to find the legislative definition of a country)

Note. –

The term, ‘include’, used before the description of ‘where’ the physical territories of countries are to be found, may be replaced by other terms or phrases, in an attempt to dispel the notion that countries are indeed fictitious in nature. Nonetheless, the principles which unravel that countries are fictitious in nature, exposes these alternative terms within the definitions describing or giving the ‘meaning’ of countries, to be mere distractions to confuse the reader from focusing on those very principles that do indeed expose countries to be personally owned private copyrighted ‘fictions’, or ‘creations of the mind’, in the ownership of a small number ,or small numbered individual-grouping, of people.



Copy and paste in Google search –

tax treaties + eu

Select the link result –

Treaties for the avoidance of double taxation concluded by …

Choose country to go to, to see that countries website for their accepted and agreed definitions of what they call themselves and where they can be found –

Taxation and Customs Union
Treaties for the avoidance of double taxation concluded by Member States


There are a few exceptions where a country does not provide their legislative-legal definition in their website, but has that definition kept by another organisations website.




The Territories of the Corporate Coastal Country of the United States of America

United States Income Tax Treaties – A to Z—A-to-Z

Alternatively, google search and select the web-link to the terms –

IRS United States Income Tax Treaties – A to Z

Treaties and TIEAs
(Double Taxation Treaties )

See pages 18 & 19 –
Maritime Zones and Jurisdiction

See Illustration –

Let it not be forgotten that the Constitution of the United States together with Federal and State Laws have been overridden by United Nations International Treaties when examining the following document –

Outline of the Legal and Regulatory Framework for Intellectual Property in the United States of America


The Self-Ennobling Ones Historic Mission Of Achieving Their Greater Aims

The usurping Self-Ennobling Ones having firmly asserted their system of ‘perpetual slavery’ in Europe, also set about doing so for the rest of the world.

Their ‘greater aims’ as a ‘mission’, which they had so patiently planned and worked towards, has today resulted in that mission coming into fruition.

The ‘mission of the church’, namely the Holy See on behalf of the Self-Ennobling Ones, is simply spelt out in the Bull Romanus Pontifex (Nicholas V), January 8, 1455, as a mission to –

“…reduce their persons to perpetual slavery…and to convert them to his and their use and profit”



Romanus Pontifex

Doctrine of Discovery

History of Vatican City: Primary Documents


The Method By Which The ‘Mission’ Is To Be Implemented Worldwide




“An Unreal Existence”? and One That Was Planned?


Perception VaNdaLiZed




Jemele Hill: Why You Can’t Attack White Supremacy Using Their Media

FBI Issues Report Declaring Black People “Extremists” –Ignores White Supremacists

BLUE LIES MATTER –The Reason the FBI Is Lying About “BIE”

The FBI have quietly investigated white supremacist infiltration of Law Enforcement

17 October 2006
White Supremacist Infiltration of Law Enforcement

The FBI Is Now Targeting “Black Identity Extremists”

10-7-2017 FBI Declares “Black Identity” is Terrorist Movement

BIE Redacted


White Media Uses Cop Killing in New Orleans to Advance FBI’s “BIE” Narrative

The FBI’s New U.S. Terrorist Threat: ‘Black Identity Extremists’
Law enforcement calls it a violent movement. Critics call it racist.

FBI terrorism unit says ‘black identity extremists’ pose a violent threat

George Bush Admits the News Is Propaganda

Catapult The Propaganda


Typically, in dealing with the history of people, ‘the brotherhood of white academia’ through distortion, out-right lies, or plain omission, never present as fuller a picture as possible that may add to our understanding of the rich tapestry of history we all belong to.

The writings on the Scythians presented to us by the British Museum is a case in point, in their use of ‘omission’ as a means to exclude aspects of that rich tapestry of history, which omission, would lead us to believe that the Scythians were comprised only of white skinned people and therefore, falsely, the origins of white skinned people had always existed independently of genetic influence from elsewhere.

Notions of the current usurping Self-Ennobling Ones ploy, in maintaining their use of ‘divide and conquer’ comes to mind; used as a means of engaging others to fulfil their interests by pitting one group of people against other groups of people, and in general, groups of people against each other, done so as a means of deflection towards the discovery of their ‘greater aims’, and also at the same time, achieving the fulfilment of their greater aims through the generational use of a group of people in executing those aims. It is no secret as to what those greater aims are intended to achieve as a ‘mission’, when we turn to the historic pronouncements of them given by ‘their’ Church as –

“…reduce their persons to perpetual slavery…and to convert them to his and their use and profit”

Introducing the Scythians

What the British Museum unforgivably and conveniently omits and fails to consider, together with Mary Lefkowitz’s book, ‘Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History‘, can be taken from the pages of, ‘Not Out of Africa Revisited: How Eurocentrisim Became An Excuse to Teach History as Myth By Aylmer von Fleischer‘, when we read, for educational purposes only, remarks made of the Scythians –

Lefkowitz says: “Saying that Socrates looks like a silenus means that Socrates looks like a silenus, not like an African. If we were to use his resemblance to a silenus as an indication of his origins, it would clearly be equally logical to infer that he was descended from bearded men with horse’s ears and tails” (NOA. p.30).

Trying to brush off Socrates origin in this facetious manner does not solve the issue. Of course, there are ancient portrait sculptures of Socrates showing him as a Black man, or Ethiopian, with broad nostrils, snub-nose, and a wide mouth. Socrates describes himself as “snub-nosed” in Xenophon’s Symposium. Also, Socrates’ pupil, Alcibiades (in Plato’s Symposium) compares him to a Silenus and a satyr 215b).

According to Lefkowitz, these features of the Silenus in Athenian vase paintings are not “exclusive characteristics of African types” and that the Greeks even considered the Scythians, who lived in south Russia, to be snub-nosed. The homeland of the Scythians, she says, is “about as far from Africa as anyone at the time could have been imagined to live.”

Lefkowitz seems to think that being a Scythian is equivalent to being White. Indeed there are White Scythians. But, as we shall see, the ancient term “Scythian” no more describes a race than the term “Barbarian” does.

In criticizing J. A. Rogers’ classification of Aesop, Hannibal and Terence as Blacks, Lefkowitz says that Rogers presumes that anyone born in Africa was black, “and uses the term black to describe anyone who has African blood, or who can by virtue of location be presumed to possess it.” (NOA, pp. 30-31).

In similar vein, one can assert that Lefkowitz appears to think that anyone who was born on the continent of Europe was White, “by virtue of location.” Thus, in her view, the Scythians, living in present-day South Russia, could only have been White.

We must take a closer look at the Scythians. Just who were the Scythians of antiquity? Scythia is the name given to the entire area of north and northeast of the Black Sea, and also the Caspian Sea. The Scythians were a large number of loosely connected people who lived in that area.

Colchis was located on the shores of modern-day Georgia and the Colchians were also Scythians. Mary Lefkowitz fails to take into account the fact of human migrations. Strabo, in his Geography dwells on the importance of migrations in history and says that “Egyptians settled Ethiopa and Colchis.”

Herodotus says in reference to the Blacks of Colchis:

… it is undoubtedly a fact that the Colchians are of Egyptian descent. I noticed this myself before I heard anyone else mention it, and when it occurred to me I asked some questions both in Colchis and in Egypt, and found that the Colchians remembered the Egyptians more distinctly than the Egyptians remembered them. The Egyptians did, however, say that they thought the original Colchians were men from Sesostris’ army. My own idea on the subject was based first on the fact that they have black skin and woolly hair … (Book Two, 104)

Herodotus referred to the Colchians as black-skinned (melagchroes) and “woolly-haired” (oulotriches).

Some scholars believe this statement of Herodotus to be a mistranslation, and that melagchroes should be translated “dark-skinned” while oulotriches may not refer to the really kinky hair of Black Africans. In any case, there are still Blacks living in the Black Sea area. While most are thought to have been relatively recent arrivals, the Abkhazian Nart Epic, thousands of years old, mentions a hundred Black horsemen who arrived in that area.

As far back as 1884, the Scottish historian, David MacRitchie, wrote in the first volume of his two volume work, Ancient and Modern Britons:

The word “Scythian” is, however, delightfully vague, and is becoming or is already out of date. It was used to include all the nations to the north and east of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, and indeed all the unknown North-European races… (p.23)

The Scottish historian quotes other authorities to prove that some of the Scythians could have been Anarian, Allophylic, Mongolian, Aryan, Tartars, Huns, Vandals, Goths, Alans, etc. MacRitchie continues: “It is thus apparent that the term “Scythian” is too comprehensive to be of much use…” (Ibid., p.24).

It is worthwhile to note that David MacRitchie mentions “ …a large and important nation of “Scythians” who were not only styled black,” but who were actually so. And, therefore, knowing how numerous they were, and how they spread themselves like a flood over Europe, it is to them we must look if we want to learn something of the history and manners of what may be called the material ancestors of the melanochroi (Ibid., p.33).

Thus Mary Lefkowitz’s imagines and conjectures that the Scythians lived too far from Africa to be Blacks or to include Blacks. Such an assumption defies the facts of history. If the Greeks considered the Scythians to be snub-nosed, as Lefkowitz has admitted, and we can see from an examination of history that the term “Scythian” does not describe a race, and there were numerous people spread across Europe who were Black Scythians, then it is logical to assume that the Athenians considered Socrates to be Black because he was actually so.

If Socrates was portrayed in sculpture as Black, it means exactly that he was Black.


Not Out of Africa Revisited: How Eurocentrisim Became An Excuse to Teach History as Myth
By Aylmer von Fleischer

Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History
by Mary Lefkowitz



Black People With blonde/Red Hair and Blue eyes (2013)



Origin of so called Caucasian Race


The Greek Dark Ages

Reference material:

Ancient Greece, the Middle East and an ancient cultural internet


History of Russia

How Black Russia and the Balkans became Christian

The Original Black Cultures of Eastern Europe and Asia

The First Modern Humans in Europe

Neanderthal & Cro-Magnon


How Europeans control Historical Commentary and Discourse

The Reason Europeans Erased Africans from History


It appears there are legitimate doubts with the ‘veracity’ of history that is being provided and presented to the wider world, and therefore, it would be quite apt to further question the “Brotherhood of White Academia’s” standards (and those of their followers world-wide) in relation to the conservation and restoration of historical artefacts and other remnants of the world’s cultural heritage; setting aside for now questions of genetic biological inheritance of man as a species.

We go on to learn what those ‘standards’ are that set the criteria for the restoration, conservation, and interpretation of man’s cultural heritage –

Scroll down to, or type in the terms (Ctrl + F) and continue reading:




Scroll down to, or type in the terms (Ctrl + F) and continue reading:





A fortress is in effect a castle –


The building of castles, churches, and cathedrals were undertaken by black Europeans –

Ancient Castles in Africa

A History of Spanish Castles

The Best Moorish Monuments in Spain

Moorish Influence on Western Architecture –

The SAGE Encyclopedia of African Cultural Heritage in North America
edited by Mwalimu J. Shujaa, Kenya J. Shujaa

When the Moors Ruled in Europe

The term, ‘moor’, relates to skin colour, and not as it is mistakenly assumed, religion.

We read –

… their name in the Middle Ages was a synonym for “Negro;” later (16c.-17c.) used indiscriminately of Muslims (Persians, Arabs, etc.) …


Etymology of Moor


Leading Chinese geneticist on the African Origins of Modern Chinese

DNA Proves Chinese Are African

One need only type into a Browser (for example, Google), ‘Black Buddhas’, select from the browsers menu bar, ‘images’, to discover the heritage that today’s Asians received from the past and enjoy.

They following is presented to encourage research and to also demonstrate suggestion to clues that require further investigation by the individual to verify their veracity. Nevertheless, clearly it would be foolish to deny the extent and reach of ancestral humanity in the world –



The Black Buddha

Buddha the African

No doubt the ‘restoration’ of the Bamiyan Buddha will follow the ‘criteria of restorative-standards’ we’ve all come to expect from the ‘Brotherhood of White Academia’ and their world-wide followers –

Buddha rises again


If a picture speaks a thousand words; then, this must be mind-blowing!

The Xi (misnamed Olmec) | Frank Joseph


The Black Human Race

The True Negro


Refugee Diaries at Middlebury – Meron Benti

Kick and scream all you like – the truth is slowly rearing its head, but we’re not quite there yet –

Black people have had a presence in our history for centuries. Get over it

Black Romans
The Multicultural Roman Empire

Obfuscation at its best –

If Mary Beard is right, what’s happened to the DNA of Africans from Roman Britain?

Exotic origins of Roman Londoners revealed by DNA analysis of bones


The designation of Africans in Europe, or African slaves in Europe, or black slaves in Europe, is clearly a false one. What they were were Europeans in Europe, neither Africans nor slaves –

The Black Face of Renaissance Europe, History Today, 21st May 2013

History Today, Tuesday 21st May 2013 – Front Cover

Miranda Kaufmann – History

Presumably the publishers of History Today were not entirely able to find their links under their website address to, The Black Face of Renaissance Europe, misplaced…for now –

Here titled: Netherlandish, ca. 1570-80, oil on panel, 93 x 163 cm, The Berardo Collection, Lisbon (Baltimore Sun, courtesy of the Walters Art Museum)

The Black Face of Renaissance Europe

Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe

cached –

Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe, pdf

Chafariz d’el Rey in the Alfama District (View of a Square with the Kings Fountain in Lisbon)

Princeton Exhibition Highlights African Presence in the Renaissance

Princeton University Art Museum presents “Revealing the African Presence in Renaissance Europe”




The name for this website, ACCURATE HISTORY, will be found to be true if they dispel the false and nonsensical misrepresentations of blacks in Europe as being Africans or slaves, rather than who they clearly always have been – Europeans.


Classical Greek civilization – Time Line


Classical Greece

We read –

Around 4500BC, sails were used on Egyptian ships for the first time. Boats were the main form of transport in Ancient Egypt.


Ancient Egypt -The Egyptian Timeline

We read –

Ships are shown in paintings as early as the Naqada Period (about 4000 – 3100 BC) and by the end of the Old Kingdom, wooden models of ships were frequently placed in tombs. These models reflect the many types of boats the ancient Egyptians designed for different purposes.


A reluctance to acknowledge that the black ancient Egyptians obviously ventured much further with their ships, when we read –

4000 BC Egyptians developed sailing vessels, which were probably used only in the eastern Mediterranean near the mouth of the Nile River.


Ocean exploration


DNA study finds that London was ethnically diverse from the start



We read –

there were no “white people” in Europe as recently as 7000 years ago


Where Did White People Come From

Rank stupidity trying to conceal fixed albinism as ‘evolution’ , natural selection, and environmental adaptation, rather than a ‘development’ of albinism in black populations. Albinism is described in paragraphs, 5, 6, and 7 –


How Europeans evolved white skin

A video made of the same rank stupidity attempting to conceal fixed albinism as evolution, natural selection, and environmental adaptation –


Caucasian (White) Man have a only 8000 years in Human History


cranial morphology

It must be understood that the term, ‘caucasian’ (or European for that matter), does not signify pale, fair, or white skin, regardless of who it is that wants people to think that, it merely signifies the morphology of the skull (or its structure), of which structure originated with the people of Africa as did the morphology of all people.

The Birth of the Caucasian Race

Comment –

Strictly speaking, caucasian is not a race but refers to cranial morphology.

Elements of Morphology: Standard Terminology for the Head and Face

Origin and History of the White Race – Part 1.wmv

Origin and History of the White Race – Part 2.wmv


What is SLC24A5 ? We learn –

Four genes, TYR, OCA2, TYRP1, and SLC45A2, have been identified as causative genes for nonsyndromic OCA1-4, respectively.

continuing, we learn –

Our results suggest that SLC24A5 is a previously unreported nonsyndromic OCA candidate gene


Exome sequencing identifies SLC24A5 as a candidate gene for nonsyndromic oculocutaneous albinism

Exome Sequencing Identifies SLC24A5 as a Candidate Gene for Nonsyndromic Oculocutaneous Albinism

We read –

Mutations in this gene are a cause of oculocutaneous albinism type 4


SLC45A2 solute carrier family 45, member 2 [Homo sapiens (human)]

The question now becomes, what are the effects of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) ?

We learn of the characteristic effects of OCA2 –

People with OCA2 usually have fair skin….pale blonde to golden, strawberry blonde…hair….most commonly blue eyes.


Oculocutaneous albinism

A bogus study to conceal the admission that OCA2 characteristically describes white people, when we read –

This study demonstrates that, contrary to long-held clinical lore, OCA1, not OCA2, is by far the most frequent cause of OCA among Caucasian patients.


Comprehensive analysis of oculocutaneous albinism among non-Hispanic caucasians shows that OCA1 is the most prevalent OCA type

We learn that –

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders resulting from mutations of the tyrosinase (TYR) gene and presents with either complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes due to a defect in an enzyme involved in the production of melanin.


Two novel tyrosinase (TYR) gene mutations with pathogenic impact on oculocutaneous albinism type 1 (OCA1).

TYR gene (tyrosinase)

Mutational Analysis of Oculocutaneous Albinism: A Compact Review

White skin absorbing sunlight faster to assist in Vitamin D production than melanated skin (black skin) has always been myth-making since Vitamin D supplementation was required for white people and unnecessay for black people in temperate climates, confirmed when we read –

Vitamin D Production after UVB Exposure Depends on Baseline Vitamin D and Total Cholesterol but Not on Skin Pigmentation

Regulation of Vitamin D Production Is Independent of Skin Color

How Race is Made

How Race is Made

The Real History of White People

The Original Black Cultures of Eastern Europe and Asia
And their first contacts with the invading White People of Central Asia

Black Germany


Comprehensive data on Albinism

Running from Albinism

Importance of accepting the truth: Implications for the European Albino

The Ancient Egyptian Empire Reached Australia

Reference material:

Hieroglyphics Experts Declare Ancient Egyptian Carvings in Australia to be AUTHENTIC


5 Ancient African inventions other races take credit for

The African Origins of Chess



It doesn’t take a genius to postulate and see, using common sense, that the first early man arrived in Europe repeatedly from Africa via the Straits of Gibraltar as well as the Bosphorus Strait of Anatolia –

Black History in Europe – A Synopsis

Reference material:

Ancient Types of Man by Arthur Keith

The European languages and their genesis

View of Africa on left and Europe on right

Strait of Gibraltar

Boshorus Strait News

The Turkish Straits Vessel Traffic Service

Prehistoric contacts over the Straits of Gibraltar indicated by genetic analysis of Iberian Bronze Age cattle

We read, 2nd paragraph –

The findings in these two sites in southern Spain of animal fossils of African origin suggest that the earliest Europeans may in fact have followed these animals across the Straits of Gibraltar from North Africa, a feat that could have been achieved if –as has been argued– there was a decline in sea levels between 2.4 and 1.6 million years ago.


Spain in the Palaeolithic Age

Human Prehistoric Timeline

Upper Paleolithic

Reference source:

Timeline of human prehistory

Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times
By Sean McGrail

A Flood, Not a Falls, Refilled the Mediterranean

The evaporating Mediterranean Sea – BBC

The Formation of the Mediterranean Sea


National Geographic “Admits” that Africans were the Original Europeans

Modern Europe’s Genetic History Starts in Stone Age

Ancient DNA reveals Europe’s dynamic genetic history


Ancient Africans In Asia

Dr. V. Anamali | Afrikan Presence in Ancient India – Pt. 1/2



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